Personality Disorders

Jerónimo Carvajal Vanegas 9ºB

Rostro, Caras, Diálogo, Conversacion, Psique, Ansioso

When talking about a personality disorder, reference is made to a mental alteration as a result of a strong character trait which brings with it thoughts, performance, and even behaviors which are definitely not very appropriate. With this in mind and within the framework of this topic, in the course of this essay, will be made exploration of different kind of relevant information which, of course, is entirely linked to the main topic of personality disorders and within which it is fundamental to identify the following question: What are the consequences of suffering personality disorders, their causes, and also their probably effective, efficient and studied treatment that stands as a first solution?, whose answer will be presented through structured arguments in the course of  this detailed search. In this way, it is opportune to state that a personality disorder can be understood as a real mental alteration which gradually deteriorates our lifestyles and thus, our relations with others, likewise, the important thing is to accept that for now, the closest solutions that are in our hands are psychosocial treatments.   

As is well known, personality disorders, to a large extent, limit the adequate development of the person’s relationships with situations, with others, and even with him/herself. This occurs, since this type of disorder deteriorates, in a certain way, self-identity, makes people see themselves as insufficient, unstable, and unhelpful in their lives, or on the other hand, can give way to a problematic high self-esteem; this leads to the fact that those who suffer from this disorder begin to lose awareness of their limits with themselves and with others, and therefore, they adopt deteriorated, irresponsible and insignificant lifestyles that ultimately generate concern and behaviors that, undoubtedly, require intervention of professionals who in this order of ideas accompany their patients looking for them to realize that their problems are the result of their strong personality traits.  

It is now appropriate to take into account the possible causes of personality disorders.  It is necessary, at first instance, identify and have in mind the importance of the influence of the interaction of genes and the environment in the formation and strengthening of a certain character trait, since on the side of the interaction of genes, it can be stated that personality disorders possess a high degree of heritability, as Hans Eysenck said “Personality is largely determined by genes”, while, on the other hand, where and how one grows up, the current relationship with relatives and friends, as well as marked events in life, fit within the same framework of the influence of the environment. Thus, it is opportune to say that-something surprising and hard to believe- although genes make you susceptible to suffer from a personality disorder, the environment triggers the development of that mental alteration. Now, well, it is believed essential the following statement that has been mentioned in this essay (Caballo, V. E., 2001, p.579-605)  

Although there are numerous approaches to psychosocial treatments aimed at the modification of personality disorders, such as supportive psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, behavioral or cognitive-behavioral therapy or educational approaches, no clear choice seems to emerge for intervention with this type of problem. The deep roots they have in the individuals who suffer from them and their remarkable temporal and transient stability further complicate such intervention.   

As it can be seen, it is finally getting closer to the possible effective solution for personality disorders, since psychosocial treatments are specifically aimed at this type of mental disorganization and within which it is convenient to identify the psychotherapy and the psychoanalysis, considering that there is no preferred option by professionals in order to treat this type of disorder.  

It can be concluded that a personality disorder is, effectively, a mental alteration which triggers the deterioration of thoughts and behaviors, thus, the person who suffers from this disorder loses, in some way, the ability to know the limits with himself and with those around him/her. Likewise, it must be recognized and has to be brought to mind that professionals are in the constant task of making use of psychosocial treatments to make their patients see that their problems lie in their strong personality traits; those are probably the result of their genes and that develop due to the environment of each patient. Finally, it will be noted that it is fundamental to conceive a personality disorder for what it really is, a mental alteration, in this way it will be understood that psychosocial treatments, for now, are the closest solution to this problem. 


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